C4 Analytical Thinking


Marita Jonols, Sensus Stockholm-Gotland/Sweden

Our chapter is about how staff can support persons with disabilities to develop and practice critical thinking and moving towards an equal and mutual dialogue. In easy English: When people with disabilities learn to be critical, to take place and say their own opinion - they can criticize their staff. And, in that way, we will be better staff!

The chapter consists of three complementing parts: A Theoretical background (Turkey), A Tool Kit (France), A hands-on - way to Critical Thinking (Sweden).

At Medis5 we had a discussion and asked our participants to write about:

  • What to think about when you are going to be critical about something or someone?
  • How to do an evaluation in your team?
  • How to be a good leader?

We have also talked about the countries that are involved in the STELLA project. Participants have collected flags and discussed what is their association when they think about them (for instance: Italy - pizza).

Spastic Children's Foundation | Turkey

Discussing social behaviour (chap. 2) and analytical thinking (chap. 4)




  1. Literature researches were done about analytical and critical thinking.
  2. Reports which is generated by literature research were shared with the partners in the working group.
  3. According to the feedbacks, which skills with which methods and what time intervals could work on just critical thinking was determined.
  4. Easy language version of the report was prepared and shared with the partners in the working group.
  5. Additionally, the students in Metin Sabanci Special Education Schools prepared some bookmarks with the logo of Stella Project for the participants of Athen’s meeting.

Medis5 | Sweden

At Medis 5 we’ve had discussions about the definitions of critical thinking, watched films and did role plays in training critical thinking and constructive criticism.  We have also discussed the link between being able to be critical and how this tool might improve yourself, your colleagues and your staff. We stressed the fact that You have to be critical in a very respectful way. We also discussed mutuality, that being critical should be possible for all participants, not just the staff. This will encourage a more equal working place.


We noticed that the expression “critical thinking“ was a bit too abstract and difficult for many participants. To make it more understandable, we formulated questions like “What can be better?“ in specific situations.

It was clear that many people do not have the habit of formulating their opinion. Some get a bit stressed when they are asked what they think about something. Hence, we had to construct concrete situations easy to relate to.  We did this in playing easy role plays.


Popular topics were different ways of staff behaving badly towards PWD.  E g talking to PWD in baby language or directing questions to staff instead of PWD. Everyone got the chance to say something critical when staff behaved in different strange ways in the role plays. We realized this was a good method for us since we could exaggerate and make behaviours very obvious and funny.


Participants at Medis 5 have been divided into more or less active groups. Some participants are writing texts on “Whats makes a good leader“.

Other will share how their methods in how they work with constructive criticism.
Kent Sidvall and Lena Hesse will make the initial translations from Swedish to English.

Anders Wieslander and Josefin Rehn will be cowriters of the Introduction. They have started to write, but will include parts from the other chapters later in the process. Participants with disabilities are included in the administrational work. E g Lena Hesse will be responsible for filling in and getting signatures for The Letters of Content. Rolf Hendil Forssell is the technician when we watch films.


Hopefully a spill over effect of this project will be a better belief in the self, some tools in formulating criticism and taking up place.



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ELLA Agreement Number: 2013 - 3444/001 - 001 Project Number: 539390-LLP-1-2013-1-DE-GRUNDTVIG-GNW STELLA: Agreement Number: 2017-1-DE02-KA204-004167